Human Microbiology Institute Discovered Previously Unkown Receptors.
We provided the first evidence for the existence of a previously unknown receptive system formed by novel DNA- and RNA-based receptors in both pro- and eukaryotes. This system, named the TR-system, is capable of recognizing and generating a response to different environmental factors and has been shown to orchestrate major vital functions of bacteria, fungi, mammalian cells, and plants. These DNA- and RNA-based receptors (named TezRs) are localized outside of the membrane forming a type of a network around cells that responds to a variety of chemical, biological, and physical factors and enabled the TR-system to regulate major aspects of eukaryotic cell life as follows: growth, including reproduction and development of multicellular structures; sensitivity to temperature, geomagnetic field, UV, light, and hormones; interaction with viruses; gene expression, recognition and utilization of nutrients. The TR-system was also implicated in cell-memory formation and was determined to be responsible for its maintenance and the forgetting of preceding events. This system is the most distant receptive and regulatory system of the cell that regulates interactions with the outer environment and governs the functions of other receptor-mediated signaling pathways.